GETTING THERE ?
Kusadasi is 20 km (12 miles) to the Ephesus archeological site and 90 km (56 miles) to İzmir. The city can be reached via cars and buses available across Turkey, ferries or the Bodrum and Izmir airports.
The area has been home to various settlers through history, including the Leleges around 3000 BC, the Aeolians around 1100 BC and the Ionians from 900 BC onwards. Kuşadası was one of the most important ports of antiquity on the Anatolian trade routes opening to the Mediterranean. The period after the Persians and Alexander the Great is referred to as the Hellenistic Age in Anatolia. The most important settlements of this period are Ephesus, Miletus and Priene. Roman sovereignty began in the area after the second century BC. With the Virgin Mary and St. John the Baptist settling near Selçuk, the area started becoming known as a religious center.
The part of the district known as Küçükada today used to be the military command center of the Eastern Romans. During the time of the Venetians, Genoese and Eastern Romans, the town was known as Scala Nuova. The period of Turkish principalities that began in 1086 continued with Çelebi Sultan Mehmed’s conquest of the town in 1413. During this time, three entrances were available to the city surrounded by walls. After World War I, Kuşadası came under Italian occupation first, followed by the Greeks. The town regained autonomy on Sept. 7, 1922.
With its harbor, nightlife and proximity to historical sites, the district has become in recent years a popular tourism destination in Turkey.